What is The Composition of Coffee ?
A cup of coffee essentially contains caffeine , vitamins (E, PP, B9 …), minerals ( potassium , sodium , magnesium …) and phenolic acid with antioxidant properties , such as green tea ( matcha tea , etc.).
What are the properties of coffee?
Coffee contains a dozen bio active compounds including caffeine (which varies depending on the type of beans), alcohols known as terpenes as well as phenol compounds . These are known for their antioxidant effects.
What are the effects of coffee on health?
When consumed in high doses, caffeine can interfere with sleep and cause anxiety or irritation. Conversely, consuming less than three cups a day can improve concentration and alertness . According to observational studies, coffee reduces the risk of type 2 diabetes. Regarding cardiovascular disease , researchers have not reached a consensus on the role that coffee consumption can play.
What are the precautions to take with coffee?
Coffee is the most consumed drink in the world, it is recommended to be consumed in moderation . It has a recognized influence on the quality of sleep. Caffeine, which stimulates the nervous system, prevents the sleep hormone melatonin from working properly. To avoid sleeplessness , it is advisable to not consume coffee after 17 pm .
How to consume coffee?
The coffee can be consumed in different ways:
- As a drink: traditional black coffee, decaffeinated coffee , coffee with milk , flavored coffee (vanilla, cinnamon, nutmeg …), iced coffee, coffee hit (mixture of coffee and ice), mocha coffee (mixture of coffee and chocolate), the devil’s coffee (mixture of coffee and peppers) …
- In the kitchen: coffee is used in many desserts (coffee cream, coffee éclairs , tiramisu , coffee granita , iced coffee mousse …), confectionery ( coffee praline , coffee truffle …) or even to make sauces (duck breast with coffee, filet Mignon with coffee …)